Theoretical models relevant to excess heat production

ENVR 108

Peter L. Hagelstein,, Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 36-570, Cambridge, MA 02139 and Irfan U. Chaudhary,, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.
We have considered models in which two-level systems are coupled to a simple harmonic oscillator; under conditions where the oscillator is highly excited, and where the characteristic energy of the oscillator is much less than the transition energy of the two-level systems. Energy exchange between the two-level systems and oscillator can occur at a relatively slow rate if a great many quanta are exchanged. It is possible to enhance this rate by many orders of magnitude in a system in which loss spoils the destructive interference in the model. Excitation can be transferred from one two-level system to another, also at a slow rate. This process can also be enhanced in models augmented with loss. These models may be relevant to excess heat generation in PdD electrochemical experiments.