Integrating coal-to-liquid processes into refinery processes

FUEL 86

Caroline E. Burgess, ceb7@psu.edu1, Omer Gul, omergul@psu.edu2, Josefa M. Griffith, jmg32@psu.edu3, Parvana Gafarova4, Gareth D. Mitchell, n8h@psu.edu5, Maria M Escallon, mme136@psu.edu6, Utaiporn Suriapraphadilok, uzs101@psu.edu4, and Harold Schobert, schobert@ems.psu.edu7. (1) Energy Institute, Penn State University, 209 Academic Projects, University Park, PA 16802, (2) The EMS Energy Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, C205 Coal Utilization Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, (3) The Energy Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, 214 Research East Bldg, University Park, PA 16802, (4) The Pennsylvania State University, The Energy Institute, State College, PA, (5) The Energy Institute, Penn State University, C211 Coal Utilization Lab, University Park, PA 16802, (6) The Energy Institue, Pennsylvania State University, 115 Academic Projects, University Park, PA 16802, (7) The EMS Energy Institute and Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 204 Research East Bldg, University Park, PA 16802
Because of the recent rise in petroleum prices, alternative hydrocarbon resources are being sought to produce fuel and value-added materials. Much of the focus has been on coal gasification coupled with Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; however, liquid fuels made from processes such as these may not contain compounds that may be necessary to improve some fuel properties (thermal stability and lubricity) and to produce value-added chemicals. Researchers at Penn State's Energy Institute have been involved in research involving several processes that utilize coal and coal-based materials in existing refining facilities. One of our major projects is the production of thermally stable jet fuel from coal, and the jet fuel aspect has been discussed more thoroughly in a complimentary paper and presentation. This work focuses on three processes and the products beyond jet fuel: 1) coal tar/refinery solvent blending and hydrotreatment, 2) co-coking of coal/refinery solvents, and 3) coal extraction using refinery solvents.
 

Coal Conversion to Clean Liquid and Gaseous Fuels
8:15 AM-12:10 PM, Monday, August 20, 2007 Boston Park Plaza -- Chartes River Room, Oral

Division of Fuel Chemistry

The 234th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 19-23, 2007