SPARC: Model projects and strategies for changing the scholarly communication system

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Julia C. Blixrud, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, 21 Dupont Circle, Ste 800, Washington, DC 20036
The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) has been providing support for new models of scholarly communication since 1998. Several projects have reached maturity and can be evaluated as to their success. Others are still in development, but have been based on experiences gained by those who have preceded them in the use of new technologies as well as new business models needed to transform scholarly communication. This presentation will summarize some of SPARC's projects and examine whether they are achieving their stated objectives. Other, non-SPARC electronic projects also will be reviewed to determine how they are changing the nature of scholarly and scientific communication. Patterns determining successful projects will be identified.