|Ping-Wha Lin, Lin Technologies, Inc, 506 S. Darling Street, Angola, IN 46703|
Mathematical development of Lin's theory of flux is presented. Based on the theory, when a chemical reaction system is subjected to a high time rate of temperature change, it changes from equilibrium to non-equilibrium conditions. It is proved mathematically that, when a gas system is subjected to a high time rate of temperature increase, the activities of particles (molecules, atoms or nuclei, and electrons) are increased. The acceleration of particles in the dynamic condition can lead to nuclear reactions.
In the pilot plant studies conducted at Research Triangle, NC, USA, for SO2 conversion to SO3 by rapid heating, a 10-ft high vertically fired combustor (VFC) was used. It is observed that, as the air passing through the VFC during the idle period of sixteen hours (no external heat is added to the system), the temperature of the flowing air consistently rises up rapidly from ambient temperature (90 ºF) at inlet of the VFC to an average temperature as high as 582 ºF (in the range of 840 ºF to 455 ºF) at one section of the VFC, an increase of about 500 ºF. The airflow temperature increase of such large magnitude and long duration indicates that nuclear reactions are present in VFC. It is also found that the water vapor in the air stream has completely disappeared in the VFC, for no sulfuric acid formation resulting from the reaction of water and SO3 is detected there. Evidently, the water vapor in the air is converted to hydrogen and oxygen by rapid heating. It is proposed that in the dynamic condition, electrons are driven off from their orbits, and protons are produced from the hydrogen ions. The mutual bombardments and direct impacts between the elements in the plasma fluid produce various nuclear reactions including nuclear fusion. The possible nuclear reactions are shown in the body of the paper.
The large amount of heat released from nuclear reactions in the air offers an inexhaustible source of energy supply. Unlike conventional fuels, it does not contribute air, water and solids pollutions.
General Topics in Nuclear Chemistry
1:30 PM-3:55 PM, Thursday, March 27, 2003 Convention Center -- Room 391, Oral